A Land Remembered Vocabulary List

This vocabulary list courtesy of Sandy Beck, WildClassroom.net, Tallahassee, FL.


1. adz (adze): an ax-like tool with an arching blade used for dressing wood

2. allapattah: Seminole for alligator

3. auger: a tool for boring holes

4. auger bit: a bit with a blade like that of an auger

5. bay head: a low, swampy place with bay trees growing thick — very difficult to go through; the only thing worse is a marsh

6. bandana: a large, colorful handkerchief or scarf

7. barn raising: a community effort to quickly build a barn

8. black jacks: scrub oaks

9. blizzard: violent snowstorm

10. boar: a wild hog with a hairy coat and long snout. Also, an uncastrated hog

11. bowler hat: small, rounded hat

12. brackish: a mixture of salt water and fresh water

13. broad axe: an ax with a broad blade used as a weapon or to cut down trees

14. buckboard: a long, flat wagon

15. bushwhack: to be caught off guard; attacked

16. bushwhacker: someone who attacks in the form of an ambush; or someone who is accustomed to cutting his/her way through the bushes

17. cabbage palm: a type of palm tree that has an edible heart

18. cantankerous: grumpy, moody, ill of temperament

19. canter: smooth, easy pace like a moderate gallop

20. carcass: the dead body of an animal

21. cattle lowing: mooing

22. chandelier: a fancy light that hangs from the ceiling

23. chickee-hut: an open-air platform raised off the ground with no walls and a thatched roof– mostly used by the Seminoles

24. clan: a family

25. coal oil lamp: an oil-burning lamp used for light prior to electricity

26. cocoplum bush: a small tree that has edible fruit like a plum; native to tropical America

27. collard: a kind of kale with coarse, green leaves; usually boiled to eat

28. commercial: having to do with stores, businesses, etc.

29. contrasting: looking at differences between things

30. conquistador: any one of the Spanish conquerors of South or Central America in the 16th century

31. coontie bread: bread made from the flour produced from the roots of the Sago palm

32. corral: a pen or enclosure for animals– cows and horses mostly

33. cracklins: animal skin fried very crispy (usually pig skin)

34. cranked the car: cars used to be started with a crank that had to be “wound” on the front of the car

35. cure meat: to flavor and preserve meat– usually with salt

36. cypress: any of a large group of cone-bearing trees of the pine family native to America, Europe, and Asia

37. cypress stand or head: an area where most of the trees are cypress

38. “deef”: slang for deaf; unable to hear

39. deformed: misshapen

40. devastated: completely overwhelmed with grief

41. dike: a barrier put around a body of water to prevent flooding

42. down: soft feathers from ducks and geese

43. drawing knife: a knife with a handle at both ends, usually at right angles to the blade

44. dredge: a device consisting of a net attached to a frame, dragged along the bottom of a river bay

45. drench: to soak completely — as with water

46. dressed cows: ready to eat

47. drought: a time of little or no rain

48. drover: one who drives cattle or sheep to market

49. dutch oven: a cast iron cooking oven

50. eerie: spooky

51. egret plumes: feathers from an egret

52. encounter: to come across or meet

53. endure: to suffer hardships without giving in

54. entrails: the inner organs of people or animals

55. eye of the hurricane: the center of the storm — a very still, quiet time during a hurricane

56. fate: your destiny, where life takes you

57. ferry: to carry or transport something across a river ( water) by boat

58. fetch: to go after things and bring them back

59. financial bloom: profitable time

60. flanks: sides

61. fodder: livestock feed

62. froe: a wedge-shaped cleaving tool with a handle set into the blade at right angles to the back

63. fury: violent anger

64. gaily: happily

65. gibberish: rapid, inarticulate talk — unintelligible chatter

66. gloom: darkness

67. gnarled: twisted, full of knots

68. gorging: eating too much

69. gunslingers: men that carried guns

70. hammock: a dry area where hardwood trees such as oaks, cedars, and pines grow

71. hardwood: any tough, heavy timber with a compact texture

72. heed: to take advice

73. hightail it: to leave quickly

74. hitching rail: a place to harness or attach a horse to a vehicle, or a pole used to tie animals to

75. hog scrapin’: scraping the hide of a hog

76. hog slop: food for hogs

77. homestead: a home–the seat of a family–including the land, house and out-buildings

78. horrified: to cause or feel horror

79. hover: to linger close by

80. huckleberries: large, sweet berries similar to blueberries

81. humdinger: amazing

82. hurl: to throw

83. irrigate: to bring water to something

84. isolation: separation from others

85. itinerant preacher: traveling minister of the church

86. Julia Tuttle: founder of Miami

87. knead: to work dough by pressing and squeezing it

88. knickerbockers: knee-length men’s pants

89. lanky: tall and slender

90. lard: melted hog fat

91. lean-to: a roof with a single slope, its upper edge abutting a wall or building

92. lobby: main entrance

93. lumber: wood used for building things

94. malaria: a disease caused by mosquitoes

95. mangled: damaged; twisted

96. mangrove: any of several coastal or aquatic tropical trees or shrubs that form large colonies in swamps

97. manure: natural animal fertilizers

98. mare: female horse

99. mark-brand: a mark placed on cattle to prove ownership

100. marsh: low, wet swamp

101. marshtackie: a horse– offspring of those left behind by the Spanish soldiers– very small and runty, but strong

102. mine: a large excavation in the earth to extract metallic ores, coal, precious stones, salt, or certainother minerals

103. muck: fertile ground left after swamps are drained

104. musket: a smoothbore, long-handled firearm used especially by infantry soldiers before the invention of the rifle

105. Okeechobee: a lake in south Florida

106. outhouse: outdoor toilet

107. palmetto: one of several species of palm trees growing in the West Indies and in the southern part of the United States

108. parasol: fashionable umbrella used primarily for sun protection

109. pastries: sweet baked goods

110. Pay-Hay-Okee: Seminole Indian word for the Everglades meaning “river of grass”

111. pewter: an alloy of tin with lead, brass, or copper; it takes on a grayish, silvery color when polished

112. phosphate: a salt of phosphoric acid containing PO4

113. pickerel weed: a sprawling evergreen perennial with heart-shaped leaves, growing to 4 feet tall

114. planks: heavy, thick boards

115. plumes: feathers

116. plunder: to rob

117. plunge: to drive into

118. podium degree: college degree given to someone who did not earn it

119. poke greens: an edible weed cooked and eaten as a vegetable

120. poinciana tree: a small, sub-tropical tree with red or yellowish flowers

121. poultice: hot, soft mass applied to a sore spot on the body

122. predators: plunderers or robbers ( also bears, panthers, wolves, etc.)

123. predilection: a foretelling– like of the future

124. prism: triangular piece of crystal or glass that refracts light into rainbow colors

125. procession: a number of people or things moving forward

126. pukin’: vomiting

127. raid: a sudden, unexpected attack

128. rampant: running wild

129. ramrod straight: very erect and straight

130. rations: small portions of food

131. recruits: hired help

132. reservation: a guaranteed spot at a hotel or restaurant

133. roasting pit: a device used over an open fire that slowly turns a hog or cow while cooking

134. Royal Poinciana Hotel: a luxury hotel in Miami

135. quilting bee: a social gathering of women at which they sew quilts

136. saliva: the watery fluid secreted by glands in the mouth

136. savannah: an extensive open plain in a tropical region of seasonal rains, destitute of trees and covered with grass

137. saw grass: a marsh grass having linear leaves with sharp, saw-toothed edges

138. scalded hog: butchered hog placed in a pot of boiling water, then the hide scraped to remove hair and bristles

139. scrawny: lean, thin, scraggy, scrubby

140. scrub: a high, sandy, dry Florida ecosystem of tall, twisted, leaning sand pines, scrub oaks, rosemary, holly, bay and hickory. Thousand of years ago, these areas were Florida’s beaches. Today, very little Florida scrub remains in its natural state. Much of this high, dry land has been turned into golf courses, citrus groves and housing developments, and the non-human scrub animals — Florida scrub jays, gopher tortoises and Florida black bears — are quickly disappearing.

141. scurrying: running away

142. second phase: the second and more violent part of a hurricane after the eye passes through

143. sharecropper: a tenant farmer who obtains land, a house, tools, and seeds for farming on credit from a landowner

144. shinny: to climb by using the shins for gripping

145. sidewheel steamer: a steamboat having a paddle wheel on each side

146. slaughter: the killing of animals for food

147. sleet: frozen, or partly frozen, rain

148. slough: wet, swampy area

149. slush: partially melted ice and snow

150. smokehouse: where the meat was smoked and cured

151. “sommers”: somewhere

152. Spanish bayonets: a species of Yucca growing in deserts having sword-shaped, sharp, pointed, rigid leaves

153. squatters: people who live on property they do not own

154. stallion: male horse

155. stern-wheeler: a steam vessel propelled by a single paddle wheel at the back

156. stirrups: foot rings attached by straps to a saddle

157. stockpiling: storing food supplies for lean times

158. stoked the fire: stirred, added more fuel

159. suite: several rooms in a hotel grouped together as a unit

160. surplus: more than what is needed

161. swamp cabbage: the center of a cabbage palm, boiled and eaten

162. sweet gum: a North American tree with lobbed leaves and hard wood

163. Thomas Edison: inventor of the incandescent light bulb

164. thunderhead: storm clouds

165. time capsule: a container that can be opened at a later time, to preserve a time in history

166. Timucuan: native tribesman; a tribe of native Americans

167. titi: a small evergreen tree or shrub with fragrant white or pinkish flowers, found in the swamps in the southern United States

168. trudging: moving slowly with difficulty

169. turban: any of various styles of headdress worn by men in the middle east and orient

170. turkey oak: scrub oaks

171. tusk: a long, pointed tooth–usually one of a pair–projecting outside the mouth and used for defense and digging

172. twilight: the time of day when it is not quite light or dark

173. udder: a mammary gland, especially one that is large and pendulous with two or more teats, as in cows

174. varmints: animals or bugs considered to be pests

175. veranda: covered porch

176. “vittles”: what food was commonly called

177. wheeled about: turned quickly

178. whiskey into wound: antiseptic

179. whiskey still: a distillery to make whiskey

180. wicker: woven sticks made into furnishings

181. yellowhammer: a type of cow


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